Saturday, January 18, 2014

A Christmas Carol References

A Chistmas Carol it is a Ghost Story of Christmas, short novel by Charles Dickens, originally published in 1843. The story, rapilly was accepted and It was written in a short time,is one of the most out standing Christmas stories of modern literature.

After the three visits of the ghosts,the misely Ebenezer Scrooge is give the change to review his life and to change its outcome.The Ghost of Christmas Past shows Scrooge's as a little schoolboy, and when he was in love. The Ghost of Christmas Present shows to Scrooge that to be joyfull money has little to do;together they move around and the Ghost took Scrooge to see how his abuse clerk enjoyed Christmas with his wife and young ones, and his cheerful nephew Fred, who has married for love.The last of the Ghost allows Scrooge to see his end on earth. In where he see that no want care for him or no one cries. After Scrooge witnessing his own dead, Scrooge is a change man.It meditely he becomes generous and therby finding joy.

Scrooge came to understand the sins, he has cominding to all kind of people and specially to the ones around him. An that he was to carry with him all the damage he did for an eternal life. and this is exacly what the Margaret Atwood talks about that if you going to get rich. We need to pay close attencion not to become so attach with money. Because being greedy will not allow others to in increasse more money.

MLA style:

"A Christmas Carol". Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online.Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2014. Web. 18 Jan. 2014<>.

APA style:

A Christmas Carol. (2014). In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved from rease more and more.

Harvard style:

A Christmas Carol. 2014. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Retrieved 18 January, 2014, from

Chicago Manual of Style:

Encyclopædia Britannica Online, s. v. "A Christmas Carol", accessed January 18, 2014,

Thursday, January 16, 2014

The Reality of Fake.

     My blog on "The Art of Immersion" has come in soooo late. My books had been pretty late and when they arrived this past Monday afternoon, I had enough reading to catch up on and get my blogs moving. Not so fast, because Tuesday and Wednesday my blog had an issue. Anything I posted appeared blank and my frustration was indescribable. This, however, cleared up last night and I managed to post "Debtor's Prism." Bear with me for the delay.
     The essay, "The Art of Immersion," by Frank Rose reminds us what media is doing. He quotes Janet Murray of Georgia Tech who observes in her 1997 book Hamlet on the Holodeck, "every medium that has been invented, from print to film to television to cyberspace, has increased the transporting power of narrative." He continues to say that when the medium hits the market there is fear of the unknown and hostility towards it.
     Books came, first in serialization and later as novels, and could be afforded by the upper class. A critic in 1845 for the patrician North British review, spoke of the books as one would the TV then, and the internet now - an indulgence that would put one in unreal excitement or trance. At one point each of these was an out- of- the body experience. This has made fiction so real and the 3-D is the in thing. Where does reality stop and fiction kicks in? It is blurry and none is whole without the other.
     The internet has made the world so accessible and who could have imagined students sending their assignments via blog? Go Green! It has also made us vulnerable because our information can be stolen. A year ago someone used our phone number to order for three blackberries but upon confirmation with us, the sellers cancelled the purchase. Scary to say the least.
     In the "Christmas Carol," a novel by Charles Dickens, we see Scrooge as he gets into bed being accosted by his former partner Marley's ghost at the end of part 22 we read, "...Upon its coming in, the dying flame leaped, as though it cried, 'I know him; Marley's Ghost!' and fell again." Was Scrooge in his right mind or hallucinating? He found it hard to believe since he did not know if this was real or not.  

"Debtor's Prism" Posters

Finally, here are the posters from our Wall Talk about Margaret Atwood's "Debtor's Prism"! Keep in mind, these photos can be used in your essay as part of your reading process!

Questions? Quibbles? Controversies?

Reference Research

Over the weekend, you'll be researching a pop culture reference from the article you've chosen to read for your Close Reading Essay. You'll be using the library for your research as discussed in class Thursday--remember that you need to "activate" your ID at the front desk before you can access online articles at home. This is practice in the kind of research you'll be doing for later essays. DO NOT use Wikipedia to gather your information!

You'll also be blogging about what you've found so far. Your post should include background information to the source, a summary or description of it, an explanation of how it relates to the author’s point, as well as the Works Cited entry of the source(s) you're using. This will be due Jan. 20th by 9am.

Lastly, an XKCD comic strip explaining where citations on Wikipedia come from:

Also, be sure to remember to read Stave IV of A Christmas Carol for Tuesday!

Questions? Quibbles? Controversies?

Wednesday, January 15, 2014

The Masked Truth Behind Hollywoods Pictures

In the world of Hollywood a neighborhood in Los Angeles, California, known around the world for money, fame, development of thousands of actors, and movies. Hollywood became the home of the entertainment industry, and known to be a mark for United States motion pictures. Being such a huge corporation, Hollywood sets and sends positive imagine on millions due to the amount of dreams they have fulfilled and the amount of advertisement and media they can send out. In many of the amazing movies Hollywood has made some had an entrusting message in them. This message was that someone would be an underdog and beat the “Big Corporations” by showing the public that they are bad or doing them wrong. By doing this the underdog would make riches and 
be portrayed as a hero. Although portraying the defeat of big corporations, big businesses and monopolies, Hollywood completely contradicts them selves. With the creation of hundreds of films that a countless number of people watch and spend money on obviously knowing that they are a huge business. In the article “ Why Hollywood hates Capitalism”, Rick Groen states that “ Hollywood is really two businesses in one: It’s a profit-obsesses industry but it’s also a dream factory.” meaning that it sinks the thought of coming out successful to many, but not letting most of them have a start. Groen then adds a true story to his article  and enlightens people on how bad big businesses are when Hollywood puts out a film about a very wealthy and successful ma, Henry Ford an american industrialist, and the founder of Ford Motor Company “ the honcho behind massive layoffs’ changing the lives of many and in the long run loosing huge amounts of wealth. 
Rick sees that underneath the positive messages Hollywood sends out to the public, on how big corporations should be put down and discovered for bad purposes and shows how Hollywood can make false beliefs and crush dreams of many of the people who notice them.
Immersion a sad reality

Frank Rose is a jornalist that it has contributing two many magazing. In his last book the art of immersion: Fear of fiction. In this book he talks about how digital genaration is changing the midia. In the book Frank Rose writes an assay about the way technology has been devoloping as well as the effects in culture. when aditor took a look at the multi-million production Avatar. They wondered if the 3D movie will be sucessfull. Frank Rose remarks that he was not suprise to see that this production created a sence of immersion in people with all the cutting adge techonology is being use today.In the assey Frank Rose goes on comparing Migel de Servantes novel wrote centuries ago "Don Quixote". Then Frank Rose goes on with explainning the way that immersion fiction is greater an greater in cuture. Also Frank talks about how immesion becomes popular in Ingland. In 1830s they stated industralization kick in and the literacy stated to grow. So they came out with better ways of reaching audience of different economic status. They came out with a clever and a cheap way to sell literature call sirialization. In the end of the essay Frank Rose he reasure that TV and publicity is also they way peple is lead to strafive away from reality. Well, in my sperience about the this suject i defintetly agreed with Frank Rose because he explain how immersion has been progresing in culture from a serial books to 3D movies. I can see how this evolution starts. In Ingland literature in the 1830s literature took a extrime turn. Where Christmas Carol was de first sirialize books. From that point on emmersion fiction stated to chance authenticity in people by emmergin. Wich is a tool to take people from reality. I see it like is a way to scape from pain instead of comfronting it.

Caged by Debt.

     Great news as I start my work. The books I ordered have finished roaming the world and arrived this morning. First thing I got my jacket off and kicked off my shoes. I sat on the nearest seat and opened the page on “Debtor’s Prism.” I got through my first reading before I could get some lunch. Soon after, I had to leave to go and pick my kids from school. The walk from home to the train takes between fifteen and twenty minutes and was quite refreshing. Once in the train, I was able to re-read the essay again to clearly get what the writer was conveying. Driving back from school reading could not be done until I sat down to read, annotate and write on blog.
     The essay, “Debtor’s Prism” authored by Margaret Atwood, deals with owing money and she uses many metaphors to clearly bring out the meaning. The fourth paragraph is very catchy when she simply states that “hidden metaphors are revealing.” To explain the issue of debt, she integrates words like prison, swamp, bed, hole, ship, sea, waves, flail, choke and fiscal molasses, all in the paragraph.
     Atwood continues by introducing other writers like Christopher Marlowe who describes hell as a mental or spiritual non- place. She substitutes debt for hell. Another writer is Eric Berne who says debtor is more than a game and the enormous debt is a mortgage. Charles Dickens also comes in when she refers to Scrooge made out as a fictional character who also stars on the television and billboards. She relates the life Scrooge lives before and after Marley’s ghost appears to him. Marley, who was Scrooge’s partner before, had died and had come to warn Scrooge of his money ways.
     Why is it important that Dickens had “nothing against Scrooge’s being rich?” There is certainly no condemnation for being rich weather in the secular or spiritual worlds. Atwood shows this by saying “No, it is what you do with your riches that really counts.” Scrooge made money but did not want to spend any of it on anyone including himself. To add insult to injury, the manner by which he got the money was the problem. I wish to differ a little with the writer when she argues that …”it’s not even how you get it, exactly.” In paragraph 18 she had labelled it a spiritual sin as well as a material one. The means that Scrooge and Marley got their money was by lending at interests that were unlawfully high. This is fleecing the borrowers.
     As an icon Scrooge is a representation of power and authority so that his way of handling money is under scrutiny. By overcharging interest, he has made every borrower a debtor and with the wealth he has amassed, he does not give out to charity. However, the post-ghost Scrooge, feeds the poor and saves Bob’s crippled child. He is conveying a different usage of money expressing the importance of the people and not the money. Atwood captures this when she writes about Doctor Faustus, “He’s got friends who enjoy his company, he’s a big spender who shares his wealth around, he likes food and drink and fun parties and playing practical jokes, and he uses his power to rescue at least one human being from death.” This is the exact opposite of the Scrooge we have so far met  but who will have borrowed a leaf from Doctor Faustus.

                                  Works Cited
Artwood,Margaret."Debtor's Prism." Reading Pop Culture: A Portable Anthology. Ed.Jeff Ousborne.
               Boston: Bedford St Martin's, 2013. 36-42 Print.
Neufeldt,V. (1988).Webster’s New World Dictionary, Third College Ed.

"Hidden Intellectualism" Posters

And here are the posters from our social annotation of Gerald Graff's "Hidden Intellectualism"!

Also, did anyone happen to take pictures of the posters from "Debtor's Prism" that they can post? I forgot :-(

Questions? Quibbles? Controversies?

"The Art of Immersion" Wall Talk

Here are the posters from our Wall Talk of Frank Rose's "The Art of Immersion":

Questions? Quibbles? Controversies?

There's No Business Like Show Business.

Hollywood has always been known as a major corporation that fulfills dreams and greed. Reaping from the benefits of Hollywood is not for everyone, if not captured all inside the lining of Hollywood. In Rick Groen's article, "Why Hollywood Hates Capitalism", he shows how Hollywood loves but dislikes it's own business. "Hollywood is a big business that, on screen at least, loathes and despises big business.", is a prime example given on how Hollywood is a two sided corporation that contradicts their messages, but they still benefit from doing so. Hollywood is a large portal of dreams that can make or break its dreamers. People long to be a part of this amazing world that provides reality to the dreams but fail to realize they can be torn from that replaced and torn from that reality. The show will always go on. In the article Groen states, "the Dream is all about freedom, mainly the freedom of the rugged individual to climb the ladder of success, and thus, get rich." People spend their life savings for the ability to make it into a world that is not even promised to accept them. the thought of reaching success and having confidence in your craft gives you that courage. Hollywood is very selective in all of their choices of work. If you do not fit the part, Hollywood will still be rich, and you will be left to watch your dreams continue to flourish without you. Typecasting is the easiest way to lore in people who are looking to climb the success ladder. Even with the knowledge that the castings their going for are a belittling example of different races or cultures, they still go forth for the opportunity in hopes to just make their way into the door. The only business plans created are set up in order to keep the power inside of Hollywood. If success were such an open opportunity and climbing the success ladder, that is fame in Hollywood, then there wouldn't be much power left. Anyone could take control over their career and build their own great empire.
Ultimately, I believe Hollywood hates capitalism because they are aware that they are viewed, and actually are capitalists. Hollywood controls the fate of many professionals and aspiring professionals, so they do't have to worry about their ethic being challenged unless there are laws broken. Positive and or inspiring messages always find followers that will pay to witness the message. Hollywood can can say they are not fans of capitalism in a monthly series of movies, but people will always go pay to see it or search for a way to be a part of the message. Being dominant in society doesn't keep worry in your agenda, just more money.

Tuesday, January 14, 2014

“Large corporations doesn’t want to have same rank as small ones”

Rick Groen is one of the film critics, who are interested in “Why Hollywood Hates Capitalism”, in his article he makes a research and brings up very good and clear evidence. Hollywood hates capitalism as in capitalism everyone is in different position or social class. Hollywood seems to us, for the viewers as a big business. The authors of the article provide us with the movies that made a good profit. The three movies, which he mentions in his article, became a big trend, and brought a big capital. Hollywood movies create a feeling of evil way of capitalism existence. Manufactures create a feeling of hypocrisy toward Hollywood movie. It is the industry who has it’s own workers who are being exploit. But on the other hand it creates a myth about Hollywood lives, in which we tend to believe. Each person who works in Hollywood has to build its own mountain and climb it up! Producers create dream scenes for us, and we think of Hollywood as a dreamland, and happiness. In the next paragraph the authors of the article gives the picture of Hollywood capitalism, by stating: “…not the growth of individual but the growth from the individual to the corporation” It is much similar to our real world, that each of us works for the higher classes, and we are being exploit in a certain way.  We can draw a relation between capitalism and the dream; it’s a dream because the producer shows mostly the good sided of their actors or their characters. Actor’s roles sometime represent the real face of the people who are in the government.  When movie show only the good side of life, when the person is rich and the fortune and luck is on his side, the viewer has a different picture in his head and they think of it as a dream.
For Hollywood movie it doesn’t take much time to be famous, as it always appears in action, or there is some scenes of violence and sex, which is more popular during our time. Hollywood prefer to stay away from those are not ambitions or don’t show any action on the scenes. Rick Groen in his work on “Why Hollywood Hates Capitalism” says: “Hollywood tends to stay away from them, unless they can e portrayed as eccentrically rugged individuals themselves…”
 The authors introduces the evidence of capitalism through the illustration of Ford, who was a very successful man, but eventually he becomes the “damned inventor of the soul-crushing assembly line…” (p.355) In addition the author brings an example of Ford and the image of Moore’s character. Ford is one of those people who are hard to put down, in a moral way. In classic “Roger and Me” by Moore, he tries to find and ask CEO of General Motors and his boss tries to stop him. The business has to be bad so that this business would benefit the screen. Tinselton is against capitalism as if it’s not political or moral, author writes in his article. Hollywood creates a myth and fairytale for each of us.

money comes money goes

         The story of debt, which dates back to pre-historic times, has been deeply connected into our way of life from history and literature. With financial and economic crises, Margaret Atwood in her Article “Debtor’s Prism” seeks to bring the origin and historical development of debt. She goes on explaining how people are all in debt trying to pay off whatever it is they own or invested. Atwood brings an example as to how a person who has a mortgage is someone that is in debt until they pay it off. she has it thought out like a cycle since your borrowing money the debtor help's you out and when you pay it off you help the debtor by him now being able to give the money to others so everyone makes something good out of the situation.

         In the article Margaret Atwood brings the character Mr. Scrooge into the picture because he plays a big role in the idea of debt. She says in questions #2 “nothing against Scrooge’s being rich” to bring out the point that even thought he was a debt collector him being rich is great on his part and has no effect on others. Mr. Scrooge represents money and debt for the fact that he controls people’s futures in a way. He helps people out by giving them money to buy whatever it is they wish to buy like let’s say a house, he loans them the money and they pay it back eventually however they possibly can. Those people automatically are in debt until they pay off whatever it is the amount they owe to the debt collector which in this case is Mr. Scrooge. 

Don't spend what you don't have

     Have you ever owed tons of money to the government, a friend, family member, or even behind on your own credit card bills? I would believe that most of us have played the I.O.U game with our friends, but not with other companies and agencies, realizing this could be be a bit difficult to get out of especially if a lot of money was spent. Being in debt can be one of the worst and stressful feeling one can have. I personally would know. In "Debtors Prism", an article written by Margret Atwood, she explains what debt is in the eyes of the debtor (one that owes something to another). Atwood describes being in debt as a challenge, yet also an ad relive rush to work hard to get out of it. She brings up a character  from "A Christmas Carol" named Scrooge, a man who is a huge fan of money.

     The reader first witnesses Scrooge as being bitter and cold hearted. He was extremely greedy, a worshiper of money to be exact. He was always the looking to get things for free. He was known to collect money from others keep it all to himself. The reader later sees a different version of Scrooge. This Scrooge being the complete opposite from the first one. This Scrooge was a man who gave the money he earned to other individuals. He felt that it was not fair for h to have all this money and watch others struggle so he decided to share his wealth with them.

     This is significant because it shows how being in debt can really motivate someone to making a drastic change of their perspective on life. The first Scrooge we are introduced to shows us that if you can't trust yourself with money, then you can not trust anyone at all. This plays into the point of debt. You can't spend money that you don't have. As Atwood showed us that being in debt could truly drive a person to success, this example being the second Scrooge we see who changes for the better and shares his own money with others instead of burrowing everyone else.

Rose Needs Fiction Books Like King Needs Horror

Nadirah Washington
Blog entry # 2

In the reading "The Art of Immersion" journalist Frank Rose argues the theory of how technology interferes with our ability to create authenticity. Since the envisions of the the radio, television, and internet the value in hard copy books/ novels have become seem to degrade. Although, most print books have been converted to digital (kindle, nook, internet), the authenticity of a book has qualities a digital book will never have.
According to Rose's argument he propose that the era of literature masters like Dickens will soon be non-existing because society prefers to gain their knowledge from cyberspace also known as the internet. Although, the idea of a nook replacing a hard copy book seems environmental friendly, the cyber world is constantly being hacked into and  false information is being added to the internet each day because people can't defaecate facts from opinions.
Everyone has a craving whether it's fiction or horror once the value of great literature isn't in existence the creation of a new horror film will no longer be in existence and all society would be let with is remakes of old movies. Exactly whats happening to day with films like (About Last Night, Thor, Batman, Carrie, and High Lander).

Revamped Movies Chick Below

Like the remake of The Cinderalla story Beyonce version

Drunk in Love

Nadirah Washington                                                                                                                    1/13/14
Blog entry #3

Dear Blogger,

                           I was given as Assignment today in class which at first I didn't really want to do but whats school without home work? As I began reading Gerald Graff, Hidden Intellectualism, I could hear Usher's "You Got It Bad" song playing in the living room. I continued to read the first two pages of the article, and after I went into the living room to find out what was going on. My boyfriend informed me that the songs he choose were dedicated to me and of course I went back to my reading with a smile on my face as I reminded him to turn the music down because I had work to do. 
            Funny enough the next song that played was Beyonce- Drunk in love and that is my song so I had to put my book down and sing the lyrics to the song.
 I've been drinking, I've been drinking
I get filthy when that liquor get into me
I've been thinking, I've been thinking
Why can't I keep my fingers off it, baby
 I want you, na na

When the song finished I continued reading where i had left off. But as I continued reading I disliked the authors point of view in regards to a statement he made in the reading which was "It was necessary to maintain the boundary between "clean cut " boys like me and working class "hoods" as we called them". I wasn't sure if it was because I stopped reading for a few minutes but at that point in the article I didn't agree with the tone of the author. As I continued reading I understood why that statement was made by the author to demonstrate the connection between the difference in "book smart" and "street smarts".
   Although society trys to divide the two in reality together they both help with the understanding of life, but what do I know Im just a college student.

P.S. Until we met again Blogger.....................................................................

Can You Control The Beast WIthin?

Nadirah Washington
Blog Entry #0.5

At one point in our lives we have all take a turn down insanity lane, unaware of where it may lead us. However, Author Stephen King explanation "Why We Crave Horror Films" by mapping out the the direction in which we want to direct our insanity. The safest way to tame your insanity is through horror films. Although, today your average movie ticket will run about $12 dollars, the craving for horror has no budget.
According to Stephen King the mass majority of horror film audience watch these films for endurance, in other words to face their fears head on mentally, to show "we are not afraid" claims Stephen King. But the older we age the less affect these horror films have on us because we begin to look at things at face value.  Between the ages 40 or 50 years we begin to get a bitter taste for horror films and the fear factor no longer exist.
We all have a desire to kill, I could kill for a back rub right now. :)

Not Your Typical Christmas Story

Nadirah Washington
Blog entry #1
A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens, the title it self without any introduction gives off  the assumption that this novel will represent the joy sounds of Christmas. However, this novel is unlike what you would expect from your regular Christmas stories like Frosty The Snow Man or Rudolph The red noes reindeer, A Christmas Carol begins in mourning. Dickens takes readers on a "roller coaster twist", beginning with the death of  a man named Jacob Marley,a close acquaintance to the main character of the story.Followed by the introduction of self proclaim "Scrooge", Ebenezer Scrooge, a squeezing, wrenching, grasping, scraping, clutching, covetous old sinner according to the narrator, in paragraph six. 
Scrooge was what you might suggest insanely upset with the idea of Christmas. He couldn't understand why people celebrated a holiday that cost them financially more then it saved. Especially when most of these people owed him money, and to make matters worse it was the only time in the year Scrooge had no business.
Dickens wrote A Christmas Carol for readers who craved fictional stories in the same form as Stephen Kings theory to Why We Crave Horror Movies. By re establishing our desires to seek out menace as "psychic relief" according to Stephen King.Scrooge craved the the desire for currency, the more he enquirer the more he desired it was never enough for him to just have enough.
King explains that our desire for horror is never enough  to contain our insanity. That is why we must see horror film after horror film to feed our desire to kill without actually harming anyone of course. ;) (wink)

Scrooge is in Debt??

The author of Debtor's Prism, Margaret Atwood, has a huge knowledge of Literature.  From righting different types of genre, to teaching in various universities in the U.S. and Canada.  She starts off with explaining what debt is and how this term intrigues us.  She explains that the mere fact that we are playing dangerously with the law, and having the knowledge that the government can take over our lives if we get to much in dept makes this more and more desirable.  Just like the reasons of why we like scary movies, it gives us an adrenaline rush to know that we can play so close to the poverty line.  In paragraph 2 on page 38 Margaret says that being in dept of someone is like a game.  She elaborates stating that this gives a person a purpose in life.  I would like to delve on this for a moment and say that it's not only a purpose that people are looking for, it is that challenge we provide ourselves with to pay off the house within a certain amount of time or else there will be penalty to pay.  The mere fact that we know there could be great trouble if we don't stay on our toes, monitoring what we do so that we can stay within our budget, gives us this so called adventure that we seek.  For those who haven't read "A Christmas Carol" Margaret summaries the parts that are relevant to her discussion such as how Scrooge acts regarding his money in the beginning and end of the book.  The author also enriches our knowledge of the book by saying Scrooge is a debtor himself because he had apparently become in dept to the devil.  Another showing of debt that Margaret wants to bestow upon us is on Page 40 paragraph 2, Doctor Faustus selling his body and soul to Mephistopheles.  The deal is that Mephistopheles can have him after 24 years on the condition that for these number of years, he can bask in all the desirable luxury anyone can ask for.  Unlike Scrooge, Faustus is very generous with him giving out the riches to everyone, he even saves someone from being death.  The author jumps back to Scrooge and his problems enlightening us about his former business partner, Marley.  She goes onto explain that there was an old belief that any wrong doings regarding business were punishable by them being a burden to you once you have perished.  At the end of the story, Scrooge is free from all of his monetary burdens and doesn't have to suffer slugging around heavy chains and money boxes.
Page 41 paragraph 2, "It's what you do with your riches that really counts."  Margaret is trying to give us an alternative point of view of how we think about the rich.  She writes that Dickens had nothing against Scrooge being rich, however he was just trying to show two diverse ways of handling money.  I believe that Dickens is trying to indicate to the rich people who were being cheap at that time to be a little more fruitful and share their wealth with the other needy people.  We learn from Scrooge that even though monetarily, you might not be in debt, you will be lacking the opportunity to share that money with others and will be in debt to family and friends.

The Bottomless Pit Of Debt

Debt is a heavy burden that is carried on the shoulders of people throughout the majority of life. No matter your life’s status or wealth, you may always find yourself standing at the peak of the pit of debt. In the article ‘Debtor’s Prism’ by Margaret Atwood describes debt in detail from the perspective of the debtor. There are many forms of debt in life, that vary from small loans from an acquaintance to collateral debt. "Without memory, there is no debt", opens the article. This is the greatest point of debt. No one would would have to carry on the worry of not having a firm hold on their wallet, or maintaining the ability to own a wallet. Debt is a burden born with time that continues to find new ways to expand through man kind, and not limiting to just human beings. Debt balances out the circle of life. " We get "into" debt, as if into a prison, swamp, or well, or possibly a bed; we get "out" of it, as if coming into the open air or climbing out of a hole." Debt is indeed seen or described as a prison that holds you down, as well as the debt collectors. As long as you are alive there will be someone who has to remember to come search to gain from you, and build their fortune. An uneven balance, but a balance nonetheless. In the text, life is explained to have a series of games such as, Alcoholics", "Now I've Got You, You Son of a Bitch", "Kick Me", "See What You Made Me Do", as well as various others. Each of these games speaks of the fears they instill in the debtor. Having to live on edge and not being able to be comfy unless you yourself are seeking out debtors. One of the largest dreams shared throughout the world is to be a homeowner. With home ownership comes the debt of mortgage. Paying off your mortgage in its entirety is one of the biggest accomplishments that can span over the period of 50 years, depending on the home value. " God Bless Our Mortgage Home", was said to be displayed in homes around the 1940's once families were freed from the debt of owing for the roof over their heads. Being freed from debt has to be an even greater accomplishment then becoming a homeowner. Modern Debtor's have found a relation to the fiction characters we've grown to be wary of. Ebenezer Scrooge, a character that can be found in the personality of many debt collectors and debtors alike. Companies can use and have used Ebenezer Scrooge as a label. People know that Scrooge was a man of business who would strip you of all you have until he has accepted all that you owe. Television, articles, and billboards use him as a method to place that reminder that you will remain in the hole, while they take the dirt from under you. Your comfort is held in the palms of your attempts to just live and make positive choices to better your life, and the lives of your family.
One of the most common of the forms of debt, that range from young adults into their last days of life is student loans. Depending on your finances, you may be visited monthly, or even weekly by the reaper of debt. Every extra coin you have is better off being tossed into a savings in order to keep a good hold on your future assets. I am also a victim of debt. I pause as I say "victim". I chose to request loans from private and state lenders in order to receive my education. Though I may not find everything I've learned to be relevant in my life as of today, I still have to make sure I pay back what I owe, unless I would like to be pulled deeper by interest. We don't want to find ourselves in debt, but the strain to find better pay opportunities that would allow you to flourish and find more advantages in life aren't just given out like "AM New York".
Ebenezer Scrooge can be thought of as a fictional debt reaper. For those who are familiar and or knowledgeable of "A Christmas Carol", they can witness first hand the way that life pans out on the end of the collector vs. the debtor. In the text Atwood speaks about Charles Dickens having no issue with Scrooge being rich which I take as Scrooge had to be part of the balance. If everyone in a Christmas Carol were poor, then there would be no way of getting through life, let alone the holidays. Scrooge may have been a bank for the people, but he also worked to build this status for his self. Not to say that anyone else in the tale ceased to work and make they're way to such earnings, but there must always be a balance. If everything were to remain on one level then there would be endless turmoil.

Monday, January 13, 2014

The story of debt

Debt is something that people never want to get into , becoming like a hole that gets deeper and deeper it's hard to get out. In the debtors prism by Margaret Atwood , she describes how debt has been occurring since the beginning of time , becoming something that has gradually increase .
She describes debt to have a particular story line . Including a string of actions that lead to the occurrence of debt.
She describes that maybe some people gets into debt because of the rush it gives them when they first spend the money or maybe it occurs to be such a game to other people  or maybe that debt is part of life and it is bound to happen regardless.
The author begins to use Scrooge from the Christmas Carol as a prime example . Comparing the old Scrooge that collects Money from people that borrowed it from him o the new Scrooge the one that is giving and helpful towards others . Debt can have a affect on someone's life just depending on who it is and how they can handle It.
Scrooge represents a typical wealthy man back in those days. He represents the attitude of what troubles like debt can do to you?

Worshipping Money

As a response to the economic downturn of 2008 Margaret Atwood writes her article Debtor’s Prism using examples from history and literature. Atwood’s focus is on debt as a 'human construct'. Debt can be a state of mind where you feel overwhelmed, imprisoned, chocked or drowning in a sea of turbulent water.
Debt can be economic or it can be a mental or spiritual non-place. Christopher Marlowe has described the debt as being hell. Could it be that some people get into debt because it excites them and make their lives more interesting? Debt can be a life game that can expand the entire life span in a positive or in a negative way.  Having debt can be beneficial. For some people paying off their mortgage gives them a purpose in life. In the 1940’s they had parties to celebrate the end of a mortgage. For others it can be a game of adrenalin rush of how much they could get away from paying their bills. It makes their mundane life more exciting. Atwood brings in a familiar character, scrooge from the novel “A Christmas Carol”. She conflates 2 scrooges, the miser scrooge and the spending scrooge. At the beginning of the novel scrooge was such a wicked miser that he couldn’t spend any money on himself for food, heat, or clothes. The first scrooge was a screw and a gouge that was covetous. He worshipped his money. He made a deal with the devil to worship the so-called “golden idol”. He was always looking for free lunch, which is called “get out of jail free card”. The miser scrooge was playing a game that had a criminal aspect to it. Towards the end the 2nd scrooge transforms and refuses to sit on his pile of money and begins to spend it. He also had an open heart and shared his wealth with others. The Scrooges happy ending is when he became a philanthropist, capitalist and enjoyed the company of his friends and others.

Atwood mentions that scrooge’s ancestors were the opposite of being a miser. If they were living today you could read about them “in luxury magazines for gentlemen”. They want to travel, be rich, have power, have sexual interaction and get back against their enemies. For example Jay Zee, Kanye West, Micheal Jackson are tremendous talented artists who are some of the greatest pop icons.

Why was it important that scrooge was rich? He wasn’t just rich he was a benevolent guy who gave of himself and spent his money on others while the miser scrooge was wicked and hoarded his money, hurting himself and others.

I believe that scrooge represents our beliefs with the way we handle our money and our beliefs in money itself. Scrooge believed "You can't trust anyone with your money." He didn't even trust himself, his clerk Bob Cratchit or anyone else.

being in debt can sabotage your life

Margaret Atwood is a fictional writer of many genres. In this article Atwood explains debt, and emotions behind it. Debt are being caused by loans the government gives. This problem isnt recent it goes far back in history. How people are getting in debt are by spending money on expensive things they want. Since they are getting loans they are taking advantage and cannot stop, so they are left with a big bill. People rather spend money on stuff that are not needed then paying their bills. Atwood introduces Scrooge from A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens, as an example of debt. There are two types a Scrooges the one that saves and the one that goes out on a shopping spree at the end of the book.Dickens had nothing against Scrooge being rich. " It's what you do with your riches..that really counts" said Dickens. Dickens wasn't against scrooge through  out the book, he just showed how Scrooge changed. Scrooge represents the context of money and debt by being rich and greedy. " The imagery of bondage and slavery so often associate with debt " (18) .This quote means being in debt feels like your a slave. Until you pay off your debt you have freedom. Scrooge clients were in debt and weren't able to live in homes with their families. By being in debt In reality you can loose everything as well, just like in the story you can loose a home. Scrooge represents money cause it can show how greedy people get when they have it. "Instead of sitting on his pile of money, he begins to spend it"(19). Scrooge began spending it on others seeing that he was being greedy.

“Debt is the game and each of us choose its own pathway to win it or loose”

Margaret Atwood was born in Canada, she was majoring as prolific novelist, one of the famous nonfiction book was published in the Wall Street. “Debtor’s Prison” is one her writings that cough attention from much of the readers. She begins her writing with the word “dept”; dept is something that has always been throughout the history.  It’s always been that people owned one another. Debt crabs you with its wicked arms and puts you down, eventually debt happens from our own actions. The author uses metaphors to explain how we sink into the debt and how we get out of them. And how each stage of debt affect us, how it affects our behavior, and feelings.  Some people find it interesting to carry out debts with them throughout their lives, as if it our “private climate”.  Debt becomes a game for some of us, and we choose not to get out of this game, and more often repeat our past mistakes, despite all this facts we still want to escape from this debt. Our wants doesn’t have any limitation.
To begin with the analysis and evidence the author gives an example from her personal life. As the author mention before debt becomes a game and sometimes we forget the rules. People who take debts always strive for more even if they didn’t done with the old deals. But once they pay everything off they make parties about it, according to the Mr. Barne (the author of the book “Games People Play”, 1964). Mr. Barne also explains the root of the words of “mortgage” and he raises a question, ‘why people bind themselves in the chains of “mortgage: to present such a ring to your one true love?’ Paying off the debt is a game where we could cheat. Debt could be an entertainment in fictional life but not in real life, everything in real life changes and might become part of the entertainment but “debt” from the beginning of the history had an associating with a black hole which pulls you down as the time passes.
To support the claim, that debt is the prison, the author proves the reader with the affirmation from the Charles Dickens book “Christmas Carol”. She points out the story about main character Scrooge, who always sat on his money and was afraid to spend any cents. After the spirits have visited him he realized that people need his support as a person who has money who could provide better living conditions for poor.  To connect the authors affirmation she brings in another character Dr. Faustus, this character is completely opposite from Scrooge. Dr. Faustus had money and he wants to spend them, he wants to help people. Eventually in Charles Dickens book Scrooge at the end of the story become a philanthropist. As “debt” something that we have to pay off for a long time, Charles Dickens in his book brings up Scrooge’s old friend Marley who wore the chains from money boxes, and he still can’t pay off the debt that he left after him. The author bring a good quote “…its what you do with your riches that really counts” which means that the action that are taken after being reach that what matter in the future. Sometime you have to greedy in the begging, in order to spent then your money with knowledge.
To conclude all the points the author states “In hard games the stakes are high, the play is dirty, and the outcome may well be a puddle of gore on the floor” what she means is that we could make a game out of everything, but it depends on the person what rules he will choose to play with. And the ending of each game will be different, same thing in “debt” is we will have limitation for our desires then we would see what’s around us that might me useful as well.

Question #2
It's is important that the author notes that, she has no problem with Scrooge being "rich" because the upper classes were always portrayed as wealthy and mean, and I'm sure the author would of scored low with the upper middle, higher classes of society if he kept chastising and pointing that fact out.     
As a cultural icon Scrooge represents every lower/working class's persons nightmare, a typical stereotype. Scrooge represents the rich who grow off debt of the poor, kind of 18-19th century Dutch merchant