In the thirteenth chapter of TSIS, Christopher Gillen teaches us that the facts derived from the data while doing scientific research is the backbone for writing in the sciences. This particular chapter focuses on the steps needed for writing a scientific paper. It teaches us the writing used for scientific writing. It gives a step by step on how to write a scientific paper, what to focus on and how to present the information. This specific type of writing starts with the data, then present theories. In scientific writing the author needs to explain what the data means. You need to explain what “they say,” and then express what “you say” about the data and then use it to make an argument. Scientists develop hypothesis from existing data and then test those by comparing their predictions to new experimental data. Summarizing data is a basic move in this type of writing, because data can be interpreted in many different ways. Therefore describing the data opens doors to critical analysis. Gillen tells us that the 3 steps in describing data is to present prevailing theories, explain methods and then summarize the findings, which means provide the context needed to understand the results. In such writing, scientists must make and defend claims. In order to write a scientific paper one must know what “they say” about a certain topic, then use your knowledge to either agree, disagree or both.
The writing we have done this semester wasn’t all that different than the writing done in the sciences. In this course we learned about taking a certain text, summarizing it then bring in our own argument into it and analyze the certain reading so we could get a better understanding of it. So to in scientific writing, it’s all about summarizing data then present theories. I think we have been using the same steps as writing in the sciences for this class. For examples all the blogs, essays and in-class presentations/assignments, we had to first summarize the text, then later make your own argument by either disagreeing, agreeing or both. Just like in scientific writing, one must explain the data and then use that data to make your own argument.
Below are the steps for writing in the sciences.