In the article "Creating the Myth" by Linda Steger, she talks about how a myth is created and the different types of myths there are. In her explanation she also talks about how a hero is created. She describes three different types of myths. The first is the hero myth, where the hero starts as a nobody and later transforms themselves into a hero with the help of others. The second is the healing myth on which the hero overcomes an inner and outer wound. The third myth is the combination myth, where more then one myth is put together.
The type of myth that relates to the story A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens is the hero myth. Ebenezer Scrooge, who is the main character, transforms from an unhappy grumpy old man who does not care about others into a sweet caring and giving person by the end of the story. In order for him to reach the end result he was helps by the spirits, Christmas Past, Christmas Present and Christmas Yet to Come. All the spirits help him one by one to turn him into a nice sweet caring and giving person by the end.