In the first stave of "A Christmas Carol", the story begins mentioning that a man named Marley is dead. It is repeated several times to make the reader get the point that he's definitely dead, most likely to end up saying how he somehow appeared later on in the story. Then the main character appears. A man named Scrooge. He was very close with Marley. Owned a business with him and was a close friend to him. On Christmas day, Scrooge's nephew came up to him saying "Merry Christmas", just how any normal person with holiday spirit would say and Scrooge gave him a nasty attitude back. Scrooge doesn't believe in holiday spirit. He was being very pessimistic about his views on Christmas to his nephew from pages 7-11. I'm not really sure why he hates Christmas so much other than the fact that Marley died on that day (page 12). All we know is that he really hates the idea of Christmas, is cold-hearted, and pessimistic. Then when people came to collect money from him, I'm guessing they're the head people of his business. He asked if there's anything wrong with the businesses and made it sound like they're asking him for money because something happened. This tells us he doesn't donate money and possibly if he's cold-hearted even on Christmas day, maybe the only thing he does care about is money. Then later on he went home, started hearing noises, was having hallucinations of Marley and ended up seeing Marley’s ghost. Marley’s ghost was in chains and shackles. We learned the reason why is because he’s not free for some reason. His chains are of a certain length and that’s where he’s allowed to roam. Seeing as how Marley has been dead for 7 years, Scrooge wondered why he decided to appear now. Marley’s message for Scrooge was that 3 spirits will visit him. Scrooge has to see these spirits or else he will share the same fate as Marley. Damned for eternity. Having to spend his immortality roaming the earth in chains and shackles, never able to move on. It isn’t mentioned how these spirits will save him from an eternity of damnation but that was Marley’s message to Scrooge. The spirits will come on different days at different times, only when the bell tolls. He cannot take them all at once. Scrooge thanks Marley for being a good friend and Marley leaves. Then Scrooge just goes to sleep and that’s the end of the first stave.
Stephen King’s thesis about horror is that everyone is a little mental on the inside. It’s a little hard to relate the two together. Horror and ghosts? I guess they could be put in the same category. If Stephen King used his thesis about horror to Scrooge’s behavior he would say that maybe Scrooge is a little mental. Scrooge has no Christmas spirit, has a negative opinion to the people that approach him about it and then sees a ghost later on that day. We don’t know if Scrooge could be making it all up in his head and going crazy or if there really is a ghost. Stephen King states in his article (paragraphs 4-6) that people enjoy horror and disturbing things because it’s fun and gives the person some type of pleasure. However if we apply this to Scrooge seeing ghosts, it doesn’t make sense at all. People watch horror movies because it gives them a sense of a thrill. Even if Scrooge is really stressed out, I don’t think him seeing a ghost that tells him he HAS to see 3 spirits is de-stressing or fun at all. Therefore Stephen King’s thesis doesn’t really relate to “A Christmas Carol”.