Step 1: "The hero begins as a non hero" were introduced to the person
Step 2: "Something new enters the hero's life.. that pushes him into an extraordinary adventure"
Step 3: The hero is reluctant and afraid to be a hero at first
Step 4: "The hero usually receives help" that usually comes from someone old woman, dwarf, witch or wizard etc.
Step 5: " The hero is now ready to move into the special world where he or she will change from the ordinary into the extraordinary"
Step 6: The test and obstacles begin to overcome the enemy
Step 7: The hero may hit rock bottom- black situation which will then turn into an exciting conclusion
Step 8: The hero takes possession of the treasure but his journey is not done yet.
Step 9: "The road back is often a chase scene"
Step 10: "The transformation" the hero faces a final ordeal before he is recognized as THE hero
This is the classic journey through heroism!
Here's a very interesting video that describes all these steps more clearly
Linda Segar goes on and talks about The healing myth, Combination Myths, Archetypes, "Mythic" problems and solutions and Application.
The Healing Myth is a myth of a hero that is broken physically, mentally or emotionally and sometimes all three and to become a whole and overcome this situation the hero might leave home and find a healing either through a journey or at the end of a journey.
Here is a short clip that portrays the Healing Myth in the movie "She's the Man"
Archetypes are typical characters we see in most stories. Such as the hero helpers , "Shadow Figure"- character opposite of the hero, positive or negative animal archetypes, "Trickster- figure that always causes chaos, "The sting"- devil...
Many stories and films use a combination of myths.
We have to find the myths in the stories and also add into our scripts some myths to deepen the story, giving it a new life as you find " The story within the story".
Answer for question number 4:
I Introduced the steps that transformed Scrooge from a non-hero to a Hero.
The mundane world: Scrooge is introduced. he's a cold hearted, tight-fisted and a greedy man who despises Christmas and all things that engender happiness. he refuses to help the poor and treats his clerk, Cratchit poorly as well.
The call to adventure: Scrooge spends Christmas eve alone and suddenly he's visited by a ghost in the image of his dead ex business partner, Jacob. He informs scrooge of his fate after he dies and suggests him to change his miserly ways.
Crossing the thresholds: In order for scrooge to understand everything Jacob tells him hell be visited by three ghost: The ghost of Christmas Past, Present and Yet to come. scrooge must follow them in order for his future to be different.
The path of obstacles and trials:
First ghost shows him his childhood and how his father left him around Christmas time. He was unsocial and did not empathize with anyone, he was workaholic and lost his love, Belle for money.
The second ghost shows him the happiness of his nephew and of his clerk's family the Cratchits. Although they don't have much they're very happy.
The last ghost shows him the happiness all the people would encounter from his death and the consequences of his action up to this point.
Master of 2 worlds: scrooge wakes up on chrismas morning and realizes he has a chance to change his ways. taking everything he saw he became an idol of kindness and generosity.